Available Courses

Bishop O'Connell High School offers a curriculum that is designed to prepare students for admission to leading colleges and universities. View available courses for the 2017-2018 school year by selecting from the tabs below. For complete information on our program offerings, please refer to the printed Program of Study available from the Admissions or Academics offices.

SUMMER COURSES 2017 - CLICK HERE to view our summer offerings and register online.

Religion

9150 THEOLOGY 1: WHO IS JESUS?
9 YR 1.0 cr
Students explore the revelation of Jesus Christ in Scripture. Students also examine the Bible, how it was formed and its value to people throughout the world. Special emphasis is given to how the Old Testament lays the foundation for the coming of Jesus. The second semester emphasizes the Mystery of Jesus, the Living Word of God. In distinguishing who Jesus is, students also consider who Jesus calls them to be.

9220 THEOLOGY 2: THE MISSION OF JESUS CHRIST
10 YR 1.0 cr
The purpose of this course is to help students understand what God does for each person through the words and actions of His Son, Jesus Christ, as they are analyzed in the gospels. Students are introduced to what it means to choose to be a disciple of Christ. The second semester focuses on the Church and how it has continued the redemptive mission of Jesus Christ from Pentecost to the present. Key topics include images of the Church; the four marks of the Church; the Church in the world, and the Communion of Saints. Catholic liturgy and devotions are studied in the context of discipleship and mission.

9320 THEOLOGY 3: SACRAMENTS/MORALITY/ETHICS
11 YR 1.0 cr
The Sacraments part of this course strives to help students recognize the relationship between the Paschal Mystery expressed through the seven Church Sacraments and their own experiences. The Morality portion of the course centers on the Holy Spirit’s activity of guiding men and women in daily decision-making. The God-given dignity of the human person, the nature and effects of sin, the call to holiness, the Virtues, the Commandments, and the formation of a sound conscience are examined. The Ethics component focuses on major issues and topics of the 21st century.

9470 THEOLOGY 4: CHURCH IN THE MODERN WORLD
12 YR 1.0 cr
The purpose of this course is to identify how students can discover and articulate truth centered on the person of Jesus Christ and the central doctrines of the Creed. Love, responsibility, truth, theology of the body, and family life are key elements to this course. This course includes an in-depth focus on philosophical and theological readings with an emphasis on developing critical thinking skills.

This course uses the Vatican II document The Church in the Modern World as its inspiration. It explores Catholic social teaching and the special role of the laity in the Church’s mission to rightly relate the world to Christ. A central objective is to equip students with a mature understanding of the Catholic faith and the ability to share that vision with others. General topics include the nature of human society, the meaning of human dignity, the doctrines of the common good, subsidiarity, solidarity, and the value of human labor.

9460 THEOLOGY 4: FORMING CATHOLIC LEADERS
12 YR 1.0 cr
The purpose of this course is to identify how students can discover and articulate truth centered on the person of Jesus Christ and the central doctrines of the Creed. Love, responsibility, truth, theology of the body, and family life are key elements to this course. This course includes an in-depth focus on philosophical and theological readings with an emphasis on developing critical thinking skills. Students investigate social injustice by being in direct contact with marginalized populations and social change organizations and by discussing classical and contemporary works of philosophy and theology. The goal is to foster critical consciousness, enabling students to learn how to work for a just society. The central concept of the course is for the student to understand servant leadership and, in practical ways, apply that knowledge in concrete service to others. This is accomplished by helping the student make relevant connections between course material and experience performing community service. The relationship between service and classroom study evokes a rich conversation which helps to build a faith seeking to benefit society. In addition to the classroom coursework, each student is expected to complete 20 hours of service (five hours per quarter).

9480 THEOLOGY 4: WITNESSING TO THE GOSPEL
12 YR 1.0 cr
The purpose of this course is to identify how students can discover and articulate truth centered on the person of Jesus Christ and the central doctrines of the Creed. Love, responsibility, truth, theology of the body, and family life are key elements to this course. This course includes an in-depth focus on philosophical and theological readings with an emphasis on developing critical thinking skills. Students develop a spirituality deeply centered in the mystery of God’s grace and the universal call to holiness. Efforts are made to build a foundation of faith, virtue and knowledge for an adult practice of moral and ethical behavior in today’s secular society. Emphasis is placed on being active members of parish communities; students may use this course to earn a preliminary Catholic catechist certificate.

English

1100 ENGLISH 1
9 YR 1.0 cr
The freshman course includes instruction in both language skills and literature. The literature program introduces students to the various literary genres, providing study in the epic, short story, novel, poetry, and drama. The course emphasizes critical reading and critical thinking skills. Vocabulary study is stressed and is taken from the reading, as well as from supplementary sources. The language arts and communication program encompasses both written and oral development of language skills. Correct usage, grammar, sentence structure, intensive paragraph study, and library skills are presented in a developmental sequence to assure achievement. Students begin learning the documentation process in the Modern Language Association (MLA) style and gain proficiency in the multiple-paragraph essay.

1150 ENGLISH 1 HONORS
9 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Invitation from English department based on results of the High School Placement Test and previous English grades, or appropriate score on department qualifying exam.
This course is designed for freshmen who demonstrate an above grade-level proficiency in reading and writing. The literature program introduces students to the various literary genres, providing study in the epic, short story, novel, poetry, and drama. The program examines the contributions of influential writers from ancient to modern times. The more advanced points of grammar and usage are covered, as it is expected that students have a basic understanding of the rules that govern the language. Writing and reading assignments are of great frequency and sophistication requiring the student to provide in-depth analysis in both written and discussion formats.

4000 INTEGRATED BIOLOGY AND ENGLISH (IBE)
9 YR 2.0 cr
Prerequisites: Students must meet qualifications for Biology I Honors and exhibit strong reading comprehension skills. Freshmen receive notification for their eligibility in June.

IBE is an interdisciplinary course that integrates Biology 1 Honors (4210) and English I (1100) with an authentic community-based field research program. This integrated course, which maintains the full content of both the Honors Biology (4210) and English 1 (1100) curricula, is designed to capitalize on the natural connections between these science and language arts courses through an ongoing interdisciplinary research project focused on local environmental issues. Informational writing and technology are used to enhance students’ conceptual understanding and real-world problem solving skills. This course is designed for students with above average academic maturity and ability, a strong interest in both science and effective communication, and a commitment to a collaborative work ethic. This Honors Biology/English 9 integration links the two courses through an on-going research project, at the same time preserving the distinctive components of each discipline. Students earn 1.0 credit in Biology 1 Honors (4210) and 1.0 credit in English 1 (1100).

The Biology 1 Honors (4210) component of this course emphasizes the molecular approach to the study of biology including chemistry for biology students, cell biology, bioenergetics, heredity, molecular genetics, evolutionary biology, diversity of organisms, and ecology as major units of study. A current, comprehensive background of biology is presented. The course relies heavily on daily readings and study and includes laboratory experiences with emphasis on experimental design, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills.

The English 1 (1100) component of this course includes instruction in both language skills and literature. The literature program introduces students to the various literary genres, providing study in the epic, short story, novel, poetry, and drama. The course emphasizes critical reading and critical thinking skills, supplementing the college prep English 1 experience with opportunities for technical writing and research. Vocabulary study is stressed and is taken from the reading, as well as supplementary sources.

1200 ENGLISH 2
10 YR 1.0 cr
The sophomore course includes instruction in both language and literature. The literature program introduces students to works in world literature and examines the contributions of influential writers from ancient to modern times. Critical reading and thinking skills, as well as vocabulary study, continue to be emphasized.

The course includes both written and oral language development. The language program builds on the freshman course and includes overall review of usage and grammar. The development of a thesis in the five-paragraph format is a central aspect of this course. Experiences in creative writing are offered. Library and research skills concentrate on preparing students to write documented papers. Instruction in note taking and paraphrasing from source material, together with renewed instruction in the Modern Language Association (MLA) method of documentation, continues.

1250 ENGLISH 2 HONORS
10 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in English 1 Honors and recommendation of English 1 Honors teacher; A in English 1 with evidence of strong writing skills, recommendation of English 1 teacher.
The literature program introduces students to works in world literature and examines the contributions of influential writers from ancient to modern times. Student writing is frequent and requires increasing sophistication in word choice, sentence structure, paragraph development, and overall impact. A research paper on a literary topic is a requirement of this course. Students are expected to actively participate in class discussions and to read and analyze a number of texts that supplement the classroom curriculum.

1300 ENGLISH 3
11 YR 1.0 cr
The junior course includes both composition and literature. The literature program surveys the major influences and writers in American literature from colonial times to the present. The program continues to emphasize the critical aspects of reading and thinking demonstrated through critical writing. Vocabulary study continues in preparation for the PSAT and SAT.

The composition program continues to develop skills learned in the freshman and sophomore courses and focuses on the various rhetorical forms of argument: persuasion, expanded definition, comparison/contrast, and literary analysis. Creative writing opportunities are provided. Documentation skills are developed further through the assignment of an extended research paper that develops a thesis.

1350 ENGLISH 3 HONORS
11 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in English 2 Honors and recommendation of English 2 Honors teacher; A in English 2 with evidence of strong writing skills, recommendation of English 2 teacher.
The junior course includes both composition and literature. The literature program surveys the major influences and writers in American literature from colonial times to the present. Students in this course have shown a readiness to use higher level thinking skills when engaging literary texts, as evidenced by written and oral work that demonstrate an ability to read carefully, judge soundly, and synthesize logically. Students write frequently, exhibiting the reading and analytical skills necessary to conduct sound literary analysis. Students must possess strong organizational skills, the ability to work independently, and the desire to read and analyze several texts in addition to the classroom curriculum. A research paper is a requirement of this course.

1360 AP ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION
11 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: A- in English 2 Honors, writing sample, recommendation of English 2 Honors teacher.
This college level course is offered to junior students who have demonstrated a high degree of interest and proficiency in writing. The course is organized to assist students to perform well on the Advanced Placement (AP) Examination in English Language and Composition administered by the College Board in May and required of all students taking this course. This course provides for the study and writing of various kinds of analytic or personal essays on nonliterary topics and includes instruction in rhetorical aims, modes, and techniques, and how to apply those principles in writing assignments. Although non-fiction is the focus of the AP exam in English Language and Composition, the American literature curriculum, including poetry and fiction, is thoroughly covered in this course. Nonfiction selections are taken from a wide variety of sources. Students who take this course should plan to take AP English Literature in their senior year. The course complements the current curriculum offered by the English department in its content and skills building. Students are asked to write literary analysis papers; in addition, students write in-class essays to practice classic argumentation and to expand upon the ideas highlighted by the texts on the syllabus. A research paper is a requirement of this course.

1400 ENGLISH 4
12 YR 1.0 cr
The senior course includes both literature and composition components. The literature program surveys the major works, writers, and influences in the British tradition. Critical skills in reading, thinking, and writing continue to be emphasized and applied. The composition program builds on the skills learned in the first three years and challenges students to refine writing skills in preparation for researching, developing, and documenting a thesis topic in an extended, critical paper. Creative writing opportunities are provided to give the student a forum for creative expression.

1420 ENGLISH 4 HONORS
12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in English 3 Honors and recommendation of English 3 Honors teacher; A in English 3, with evidence of strong writing skills, recommendation of English 3 teacher.
The senior course includes both literature and composition components. The literature program surveys the major works, writers, and influences in the British tradition. The senior honors course is designed for students who have demonstrated an ability to engage in clear and insightful literary analysis, to produce clear and cohesive essays, and to engage in advanced classroom discussions. Students are expected to read and analyze several texts in addition to the classroom curriculum. A research paper is a requirement of this course.

1450 AP ENGLISH LITERATURE
12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in AP English Language and recommendation of AP Language teacher; A- in English 3 Honors, and recommendation of English 3 Honors teacher.
This college level course is offered to highly motivated students of English in senior year. This course is organized to assist students to perform well on the Advanced Placement (AP) Examination in English Literature administered by the College Board in May and required of all students taking this course. This course includes both literature and composition. The literature is primarily British-based but includes readings from both European and American authors. Critical analysis, sound judgment, and logical synthesis in interpreting the readings are demonstrated in the frequent writing of critical essays. A seminar approach to oral discussions provides a forum for students to interact and to share insights in order to deepen their understanding and appreciation of the readings. Students are expected to read and analyze ten to twelve full-length works in addition to the classroom curriculum. A research paper is a requirement of this course.

1530 CREATIVE WRITING (11-12 YR 1.0 cr)
1535 CREATIVE WRITING (11-12 SEM .5 cr)
Prerequisites: Writing sample.
These elective courses offer a supportive and instructional environment for students wishing to develop their creative writing abilities. Participants work in the genres of poetry, short fiction, drama, and screenplay writing. Writing is supported by readings, classical and modern, in each of these genres. The practical aim of these courses is to generate a creative writing portfolio that students may use to further their ambitions beyond the high school level. Students are provided with opportunities to submit their writing for publication and consideration in relevant contests. Course 1535 is available only during first semester.

6860 HUMANITIES HONORS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: B+ in English.
This elective honors course presents artistic patterns of relationship from ancient Greece to the present among philosophy, literature, architecture, sculpture, painting and music—all in light of the major historical events of each period. Content focuses on the interrelationships between arts and ideas in the framework of their proper historical and cultural settings. Field trips to local art centers and theatrical productions are scheduled for first hand experiences. Lessons include presentations by experts in art, music, philosophy, and literature drawn from O’Connell faculty and the community. Sample topics include: Greek drama and architecture; Roman poetry, painting and architecture; Medieval music, painting and architecture; Renaissance poetry, drama, painting and music as well as samples of the artistic productions of the Neo-classic, Romantic and Modern Periods. This class also serves as a fine arts or social studies elective.

1370 AMERICAN MULTICULTURAL LITERATURE
11-12 SEM .5 cr
The American identity shifts as often as a trending topic on Twitter. In an age of rapidly evolving demographics, new faces and cultures become neighbors, celebrities and leaders. This elective course explores American diversity through reading and discussion of contemporary fiction, nonfiction, poetry and drama. Students examine major literary themes and changing definitions of identity, racism, nativism, the American Dream, social values and more. This class requires participants to approach texts with openness and respect for new perspectives and disparate communities. Students evaluate writing strategies and techniques of each author and incorporate research of historical and cultural contexts of works to develop a greater appreciation of diverse cultural texts that represent America.

1390 PUBLIC SPEAKING
10-12 SEM .5 cr
This elective course includes the basics of effective speaking and listening skills, preparation and tools for giving a speech, and the opportunity to present several types of speeches followed by evaluation by teacher and peers. This course aims to improve knowledge of effective communication skills as well as self-confidence. This class fulfills the Fine Arts requirement for graduation.

1395 SPEAKING AND PRESENTATION SKILLS
9 SEM .5 cr
This elective course is designed to provide freshmen with skills and techniques needed to effectively communicate in an academic environment. Students learn speaking skills such as clarity, tone, and audience awareness for classroom presentations and various collaborative learning settings. Interactive use of technology is taught as an integral element of successful presentations.

6700 INTRO TO FILM
11-12 SEM .5 cr
This elective course presents an in-depth treatment of film as a powerful 20th and 21st century art form. Students become familiar with film language and technique, study the history of American film, and critique numerous films using the knowledge they acquire through viewing clips from the greatest movies made, as well as from full-length presentations. The course requires discussion and critical writing. Topics to be discussed include: photography, sets/ settings, movement, editing, sound, acting, drama, story, writing, ideology, and theory. This course fulfills the Fine Arts requirement for graduation.

1510 JOURNALISM
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in current English class and a writing sample.
This elective course introduces students to the fundamental components of journalism. News and feature writing styles are learned once students have acquired adequate reporting, interviewing, and editing skills. As students “cover” the school community, worthy student writing is published in The Visor, the school newspaper. The curriculum explores the history of journalism in the United States, photojournalism, newspaper ethics, and television broadcasting. This course fulfills the computer and Fine Arts requirements for graduation.

1460 YEARBOOK PRODUCTION
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: Recommendation of current English teacher.
This elective course introduces students to the successful production of a school yearbook. Students learn about the various sections of the yearbook and how to write effective yearbook articles, captions, and headlines. They also learn how to organize and conduct student and faculty interviews, design layouts on the computer using Adobe InDesign, and assemble the pages of the yearbook to meet structure production deadlines. Effective editing, revision, and photography skills are developed. This course fulfills the computer and Fine Arts requirements for graduation.

Fine Arts

Visual Arts

6010 ART 1
9-11 YR 1.0 cr
This course is a foundation course in basic art and design. Students are introduced to the Elements of Design and Principles of Composition. Students work in various techniques and mediums on projects designed to sharpen their skills of art through observation, design and composition. Students learn to look at art thoughtfully and critically and begin to develop their own aesthetic sense. There are brief lectures and PowerPoint presentations exploring various artists and their mediums. Students develop an art vocabulary as well as gaining an understanding and practice of group and individual critiques. By the conclusion of the course, students are able to formulate a personal and informed response to the question: “What is art?”

6020 ART 2
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Art 1 or Graphic Design and/or presentation of a portfolio for instructor permission.
This course is offered as a sequential step from Art 1 or Graphic Design. Students build on previous knowledge and vocabulary and have the opportunity to publish their work in the school art and literary magazine. They may also participate in shows outside the school environment. Students focus on beginning to build a portfolio.

6030 ADVANCED ART HONORS
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Formal review of a portfolio containing three completed drawings, including one perspective drawing, and permission of a committee of art instructors.
Advanced Art Honors provides students with the opportunity to engage in the advanced study of art processes, vocabulary and art history. Students are expected to demonstrate principles and elements in art as well as visually communicate ideas, using advanced approaches in drawing and painting. The instructor guides students to form goals and develop individual styles, to become familiar with art schools and art related careers. Students develop a portfolio of their work and contribute artwork to the Largesse and to displays within and outside the school. There is a focus on presentation, quality work, exhibition and purpose.

6045 AP DRAWING
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Formal review of a portfolio containing four completed drawings and permission from a committee of art instructors.
This course is designed for students who demonstrate proficient skills in drawing and painting. Students apply the elements and principles of art effectively to communicate their ideas visually and verbally in two dimensions. They must exhibit a strong commitment to their discipline. Students are required to submit a portfolio for consideration to the Advanced Placement Board in May for possible college credit pending a qualifying score.

6049 AP ART HISTORY
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B+ in English and permission of instructor.
What is art? This college level course explores the history of the art of the world from the prehistoric era to the present. The class addresses stylistic development and cultural values, as well as the historical context that influence artistic production and practice. The class uses an interdisciplinary approach to discuss style, content, meaning, patronage, faith, interpretation, context, and significance of works of art, preparing students for the AP Art History exam in May which all students enrolled in the class are required to take. The course includes one research paper over the course of the year. This course also serves as an elective social studies credit.

6055 THE ART OF THE UNITED STATES HONORS
11-12 SEM .5 cr
This honors course presents the history of art in the United States from the early Colonial period to the present (including, but not limited to Colonial portraiture, American Impressionism, modern abstraction, the Harlem Renaissance, Mexican muralists, Regionalism and WPA art, and Pop Art). The class examines major artists and movements by addressing stylistic developments and cultural values, as well as the historical context that influenced artistic production. The class discusses style, content, meaning, patronage, faith, interpretation, and context. Field trips to local art centers are scheduled to provide first-hand experiences with the art of our nation.

6860 HUMANITIES HONORS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: B+ in English.
This honors course presents artistic patterns of relationship from ancient Greece to the present among philosophy, literature, architecture, sculpture, painting and music–all in light of the major historical events of each period. Content focuses on the interrelationships between arts and ideas in the framework of their proper historical and cultural settings. Field trips to local art centers and theatrical productions are scheduled for first hand experiences. Lessons include presentations by experts in art, music, philosophy, and literature drawn from O’Connell faculty and the community. Sample topics include: Greek drama and architecture; Roman poetry, painting and architecture; Medieval music, painting and architecture; Renaissance poetry, drama, painting and music as well as samples of the artistic productions of the Neo-classic, Romantic and Modern Periods. This class also serves as an English or social studies elective.

6510 PHOTOGRAPHY
11-12 SEM .5 cr
Prerequisites: Students must complete an application and receive a signed permission from instructor.
This is a foundation course in basic skills and understanding in photography. Students are introduced to the Elements of Design and Principles of Composition. Students work in various techniques and mediums in projects designed to sharpen their skills in photography through observation, design and composition. Students learn to look at photography thoughtfully and critically and begin to develop their own aesthetic sense. There are brief lectures and PowerPoint presentations exploring various artists and their mediums. Students develop a photography vocabulary and gain an understanding of and practice in group and individual critiques. By the conclusion of the course, students are able to formulate a personal and informed response to the question: “What is photography?”

6520 ADVANCED PHOTOGRAPHY
11-12 SEM .5 cr
This course is designed to meet the needs of students who wish to learn advanced techniques in 35mm film and Digital camera photography. Students build upon skills learned in the introductory photography course. Topics may include: documentary photography (photojournalism), studio photography (portrait lighting techniques), how to build strong compositions, operation of a SLR (single lens reflex) camera, and advanced Photoshop techniques.

6600 GRAPHIC DESIGN
10-12 SEM .5 cr
This course focuses on commercial design. Students learn the fundamentals of design, including layout, illustration, fashion, poster design and T-shirt design. They experience graphic history and disciplines through multi-media and become comfortable working with a variety of materials.

6610 CREATIVE EXPRESSION
9 SEM .5 cr
This course provides a hands-on introduction to the graphic and visual arts with the belief that these experiences foster original, intelligent thought processes and provide students with the opportunity for self-expression. Students cover various techniques and mediums, including but not limited to painting, drawing, graphic and digital design, photography, and sculpture over the course of the semester. In addition to the creative processes, students engage in guided critical discussions to develop an art vocabulary and critiquing skills.

Music

6350 CONCERT BAND
9-10 YR 1.0 cr
This class is open to any student who has beginner’s proficiency or would like to start playing an instrument. Students learn music fundamentals and basic theory as well as musicianship through performance of technical exercises, scales, and band literature. A continuing goal of the course is to develop students’ skills as a musician, including historical connections between art, history, architecture, and music. In addition, concert etiquette and team building skills are developed. Personal practice on one’s instrument is necessary for success in band class. Music fee required.

6440 SYMPHONIC BAND
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
6450 SYMPHONIC BAND HONORS
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Admission to the course is based on playing ability and a placement audition. Students continue to learn music theory through the performance of technical exercises, scales, and band literature. A continuing goal of this course is developing mature musicianship in performance. Skills include the process of critically analyzing personal and group performance skills, understanding historical concepts and intermediate theory practices, and the ability to work as a team member. Personal practice on one’s instrument is necessary for success in band class. Students may earn honors credit for this course with additional requirements including performing at school functions, school sanctioned functions, and volunteer events. Attendance at two outside Fine Arts performances per semester is required for honors credit. Music fee required.

6200 STRINGS
9-12 YR 1.0 cr
6250 STRINGS HONORS
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Admission to this course is based on playing experience and placement audition. This class is open to orchestral string instruments. Students learn music fundamentals, theory, and musicianship through performance of technical exercises, scales, and orchestral literature. A continuing goal of the course is to develop students’ skills as a musician, including historical connections between art, history, architecture, and music. In addition, concert etiquette and team building skills are developed. Personal practice on one’s instrument is necessary for success in orchestra class. Students may earn honors credit for this course after completing one year in Strings class and with additional requirements including performing at school functions, school sanctioned functions, and volunteer events. Attendance at two outside Fine Arts performances per semester is required for honors credit. Music fee required.

6455 PERCUSSION ENSEMBLE
9-12 SEM .5 cr
This class is designed for students who are completely new to percussion instruments or students who play piano and would like to transfer their piano skills into playing mallet percussion instruments. The course begins with basic percussion techniques and includes learning the fundamentals of playing a variety of percussion instruments and developing and applying musicianship and ensemble skills to the genre. Students are expected to learn how to read music, learn how to play a variety of percussion instruments, and perform as an ensemble by the end of the school year. A wide variety of percussion techniques, styles, and music are taught, ranging from traditional western music to contemporary percussion ensemble music. Students are expected to exhibit a strong work ethic and a high level of discipline. Music fee required.

6831 JAZZ ENSEMBLE
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Department audition and one year in orchestra or guitar class (for strings and guitar) or one year in concert or symphonic band (for wind and percussion).
Admission to this course is based on playing ability through a placement audition. The ensemble is made up of the standard big band instrumentation. Students learn many different styles of popular music including jazz, rock, fusion, Latin, and blues. Each student in the ensemble also learns jazz theory, jazz history, and the art of improvisation. This class meets after school. Music fee required.

6260 PIANO FUNDAMENTALS
10-12 SEM .5 cr
This class is designed for students who are beginners or who have very little prior piano experience. This class covers basic theory and harmony, scales and arpeggios, improvisational techniques, music history, and performance practices. This course prepare students for further piano study. Music fee required.

6362 PIANO
11-12 SEM .5 cr
6368 PIANO HONORS
11-12 SEM .5 cr
This piano seminar is designed for students who have completed Piano Fundamentals or students who have prior experience at the intermediate level or above. Admission to the course is based on playing experience and a placement audition. Students learn basic theory and harmony, scales and arpeggios, improvisational techniques, music history, and performance practices. This course is designed to shape a well-rounded pianist. This course is available for honors credit with audition and instructor approval. Students may earn honors credit for this course with additional requirements including performing at school functions, school sanctioned functions, and volunteer events. Attendance at two outside fine arts performances per semester is required for honors credit. Music fee required.

6586 ADVANCED PIANO ACCOMPANIMENT
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: Admission only through audition for course instructor. Advanced Piano Accompaniment is offered by audition to students who demonstrate a high level of proficiency on the instrument.
In this course, students learn piano technique related to choral and instrumental accompaniment: how to read vocal parts from a choral score, to transpose and reduce an orchestral score, to improvise keyboard accompaniments for lead sheets, to follow a conductor or solo performer, and to sight read in a live performance setting. Students also receive practical training through participation in regular choral rehearsals and coaching from a specialist.

6370 BEGINNING GUITAR
9-12 SEM .5 cr
Beginning Guitar is a course designed for those with little to no knowledge of how to play guitar. The focus of this class is on basic classical guitar techniques and playing styles. A mixture of older traditional songs and more contemporary pop tunes is used to educate the student on the proper methods of playing. Basic music theory, guitar history and the ability to read music are taught as well. Music fee required.

6380 INTERMEDIATE GUITAR
9-12 SEM .5 cr
Admission to this class is based on playing experience and placement audition. Intermediate Guitar is a course designed for those with a basic understanding of classical guitar playing. The focus of this class is on more advanced classical guitar music and techniques. A mixture of older traditional songs and more contemporary pop tunes are used to further educate the student on the proper methods of playing. Music theory and history are taught as well. Music fee required.

6390 ADVANCED GUITAR ENSEMBLE
9-12 YR 1.0 cr
Admission to this course is based upon playing experience and audition with the instructor. Participants in this year-long course perform frequently in various contexts, including large ensemble, small ensemble, and individual performances, both in and outside of school. The focus of the course is to further the performance skills of students through study of classical guitar technique, literature, and history. This class meets after school. Music fee required.

6574 MEN’S CHORUS
9-12 YR 1.0 cr
6573 MEN’S CHORUS HONORS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
The men’s chorus is open to all interested 9 - 12 grade men of any level. The men’s chorus performs repertoire from a variety of musical styles, cultures, and historical periods. Students study introductory vocal technique, music theory, music literacy, and performance practice while developing skills as independent musicians. The men’s and women’s choruses join to form the concert choir for select performances. Auditions for honors level chorus are held in the spring semester. Music fee required.

6583 SELECT VOCAL ENSEMBLE
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Admission through audition with course instructor. Students must be concurrently scheduled for either Men’s Chorus Honors, Women’s Chorus Honors, or O’Connell Singers. This honors-level ensemble is a mixed chorus open to sophomore, junior, and senior students. The ensemble study advanced choral repertoire spanning several time periods and musical styles while focusing on advanced choral technique and performance practice. Performances include school concerts, the District XII choral assessment and spring music trip festival, and performances at additional public venues. This class meets once a week after school. Attendance is mandatory for the course and students must be able to commit to the rehearsal time for the full year. Music fee required.

6578 WOMEN’S CHORUS
9-12 YR 1.0 cr
6579 WOMEN’S CHORUS HNRS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
The women’s chorus is open to all interested 9 - 12 grade women of any level. The women’s chorus performs repertoire from a variety of musical styles, cultures, and historical periods. Students study introductory vocal technique, music theory, music literacy, and performance practice while developing skills as independent musicians. The women’s and men’s choruses join to form the concert choir for select performances. Auditions for honors level chorus are held in the spring semester. Music fee required.

6585 O’CONNELL SINGERS HNRS
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Admission only through audition with course instructor. Prior choral singing experience is required.
The O’Connell Singers is an honors level, select women’s chamber choir. The choir is open to highly qualified students through audition. The O’Connell Singers perform repertoire from a variety of musical styles, cultures, and historical periods. Students study advanced choral technique, music theory, and performance practice while developing skills as independent musicians. The O’Connell Singers fulfill a rigorous performance schedule including concerts outside of the Bishop O’Connell community. Students are expected to have a secure knowledge of vocal production, music literacy, and basic music theory before participating in this choir. Music fee required.

6650 AP MUSIC THEORY
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: One year of vocal or instrumental class or ensemble. This course is offered to students who have a strong foundation in music. Successful completion of a preparatory summer assignment is required. Students work at a college pace mastering musical rudiments such as notation, intervals, scales and keys, chords, metric organization, and rhythmic patterns. Students work on aural skills, compositional skills, sight-singing skills, and analytical skills as they apply to music theory. Students are required to take the AP Music Theory exam in May.

6660 SURVEY OF WORLD MUSIC
10-12 SEM .5 cr
This course explores the classical and folk music of different world cultures. Students are challenged to identify the characteristics of the types of music studied and to understand how music is viewed in different cultures. Course curriculum includes reading, listening and writing assignments related to the music being studied. In addition, learning and playing a variety of world drums and instruments are explored. Students have the opportunity to learn the basics of playing world instruments. Students must have access to a computer with Internet capability as listening is assigned from Internet sources.

6665 SURVEY OF AMERICAN MUSIC
10-12 SEM .5 cr
This course explores the development of classical and folk music in the United States. Students are challenged to identify the characteristics of Native American music, colonial music, a variety of folk music in American history including slave songs, classical music, the blues, jazz, country and western, rock and funk. Course curriculum includes reading, listening and writing assignments related to the music being studied. Students must have access to a computer with Internet capability as listening is assigned from Internet sources. This class also serves as an elective credit in social studies. A section of this class is offered in the summer for an additional fee. Students must register for the summer class at the counseling office.

6595 MUSIC AND COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY
9-12 SEM .5 cr
This course focuses on how technology has affected music performance, reproduction, and distribution. Students learn recording technology methods including live and studio recording techniques and remixing. They learn computer-based notation, sound sampling, and electronic music production and have the opportunity to utilize beat making and midi technology. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

Media And Drama

6700 INTRO TO FILM
11-12 SEM .5 cr
This elective course presents an in-depth treatment of film as a powerful 20th and 21st century art form. Students become familiar with film language and technique, study the history of American film, and critique numerous films using the knowledge they acquire through viewing clips from the greatest movies made, as well as from full-length presentations. The course requires discussion and critical writing. Topics to be discussed include: photography, sets/ settings, movement, editing, sound, acting, drama, story, writing, ideology and theory. This class also serves as an elective in english.

6810 AUDIO & VIDEO PRODUCTION I
10-12 SEM .5 cr
In this course, students learn the fundamentals of audio and digital video production concepts and techniques. The course covers all aspects of production, including creating and editing an audio track, developing an idea into a plot and video script, storyboarding, coordinating all necessary actors, lighting, settings and props, filming, directing, and ultimately editing a finished product, using current audio and video sound editing applications (Adobe CC, iMovie, Smoke, Movie Maker, Audacity, etc.). A minimum of four audio projects/digital shorts are produced, culminating in a final combo-project completed by each individual student.

6920 ACTING
9-12 SEM .5 cr
This acting class focuses on basic acting techniques such as improvisations, pantomine, mime, voice, diction, beginning characterization, and scene study. Exercises include monologues and group scene work. Students become acquainted with the responsibilities of a producer and director, as well as set, lighting, costume, and makeup designers.

6930 THEATER TECHNOLOGY
10-12 SEM .5 cr
This semester course explores the ways that changing technology of theater affects scenography, the coordinated design of scenery, lights, costumes, and other technical aspects of stagecraft. Students learn the vocabulary of equipment, the properties of modern scene materials, the advances in technological fields, and the professional standards in design and technology. In addition, a hands-on laboratory component is part of the course: Students help design and execute the technological aspects of the acting classes’ and drama club’s productions.

Health & Physical Education

Members of the classes of 2020 and 2021 may select to be excused from .5 credits of Physical Education for two seasons of participation in O’Connell sports teams. Students may request prior approval from the Dean of Academics for dance, gymnastics, equestrian competition, or other programs not available at O’Connell to satisfy this requirement. Students intending to use this option should enroll in a semester Health 1 or 2 class. This option does not apply to the classes of 2018 or 2019.

8010 BOYS HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION 1
9 YR 1.0 cr

8110 GIRLS HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION 1
9 YR 1.0 cr
Health and Physical Education 1 fulfills the state requirement for all freshmen. Instruction emphasizes the development of a healthy active lifestyle. Health Education includes selected systems of the body and their related health issues; alcohol, drugs, and tobacco; infectious disease; nutrition, stress, and fitness and a unit on the implications of “bullying.” Physical Education includes a variety of team and individual activities to meet the student’s present need for fitness and physical activity as well as introducing activities that can be continued later as part of a healthy lifestyle. Physical fitness testing is done in the fall and spring.

An early bird section of Health/PE 1 (E800) meets daily at 6:45 a.m. during the school year. There is no additional fee for this before-school class.

This course is also available during summer school for an additional fee. Students must register for summer classes through the counseling office.

8015 BOYS HEALTH 1
9 SEM .5 cr
8115 GIRLS HEALTH 1
9 SEM .5 cr
Health 1 includes selected systems of the body and their related health issues; alcohol, drugs and tobacco; infectious disease; nutrition, stress and fitness; and a unit on the implications of bullying. Instruction emphasizes the development of a health active lifestyle.

8210 BOYS HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION 2
10 YR 1.0 cr
8310 GIRLS HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION 2
10 YR 1.0 cr
Health and Physical Education 2 fulfills the state requirement for all sophomores. Health Education includes classroom Driver Education in the fall semester and instruction First Aid in the spring semester. Both classroom and in-car Driver Education are required for individuals under 18 to get a driver’s license. In-car Driver Education is offered on a first-come, first-served basis for an additional fee. Physical Education includes a variety of team and individual activities to meet the individual’s present need for fitness and physical activity as well as introducing activities that can be continued later as part of a healthy lifestyle. Physical fitness testing is done in the fall and spring.

An early bird section of Health/PE 2 (E801) meets daily at 6:45 a.m. during the school year. There is no additional fee for this before school class.

This course is also available during summer school for an additional fee. Students must register for summer classes through the counseling office.

8215 BOYS HEALTH 2
10 SEM .5 cr
8315 GIRLS HEALTH 2
10 SEM .5 cr
This semester course includes classroom Driver Education and instruction in First Aid.

8300 SPORTS MEDICINE
10-12 SEM .5 cr
Prerequisites: 2.5 GPA and permission of the instructor.
This course is an introduction to the many aspects of sports medicine. Instruction on common injuries to all parts of the body composes the core of the course. Many non-injury topics are also covered such as sport nutrition, drug abuse in sports, sport psychology, medical conditions and sports participation, sports performance enhancement, and exercise in heat and cold. Careers in sports medicine and an introduction to current literature are also included.

8440 STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING
11-12 SEM .5 cr
Students participate in a program of weight training, flexibility, plyometric and cardiovascular exercises to improve physical fitness.

8460 ADVANCED STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING
11-12 SEM .5 cr
Prerequisites: Completion of 8440.
Students participate in an individualized program of weight training, flexibility, plyometric and cardiovascular exercises to improve physical fitness.

Mathematics

3180 ALGEBRA 1
9 YR 1.0 cr
This course covers fundamental algebra. Topics include: the language of algebra; properties of real numbers; solving equations and inequalities in one and two variables; multiplying and factoring algebraic numbers; rational numbers and irrational numbers; solving equations involving rational and irrational numbers; solving systems of linear equations and linear inequalities and their graphs; simplifying radical terms, and solving equations by factoring. Word problems concerning distance, rate and time, percentages, interest, geometric figures, and number problems are taught as they occur in the text. Students are introduced to the graphing calculator with linear equations and solving systems of linear equations. Extensive practice problems are included to solidify concepts. Students are placed in this course by the mathematics department based on the placement exam scores and middle school math grades.

3110 ALGEBRA 1/A
9 YR 1.0 cr
This course covers fundamental algebra in-depth. Topics include: the language of algebra; properties of real numbers; solving equations and inequalities in one and two variables; multiplying and factoring algebraic numbers; rational numbers and irrational numbers; solving equations involving rational and irrational numbers; solving systems of linear equations and linear inequalities and their graphs; simplifying radical terms, and solving equations by factoring. Word problems concerning distance, rate and time, percentages, interest, geometric figures, and number problems are taught as they occur in the text. Students are introduced to the graphing calculator with linear equations and solving systems of linear equations. The class is paced so that students can enter an honors class in tenth grade or continue the four year college-prep mathematics program.

3109 ALGEBRA 1/A
9 YR 1.0 cr
This course covers fundamental algebra in-depth. Topics include: the language of algebra; properties of real numbers; solving equations and inequalities in one and two variables; multiplying and factoring algebraic numbers; rational numbers and irrational numbers; solving equations involving rational and irrational numbers; solving systems of linear equations and linear inequalities and their graphs; simplifying radical terms, and solving equations by factoring. Word problems concerning distance, rate and time, percentages, interest, geometric figures, and number problems are taught as they occur in the text. Students are introduced to the graphing calculator with linear equations and solving systems of linear equations. This course is the equivalent to 3110 Algebra 1/A with the exception that students are placed in the course based on testing and previous background in Algebra.

3309 ALGEBRA 2/TRIGONOMETRY
9 YR 1.0 cr
Beginning with a review of the basics of first-year algebra, the students are led to a more detailed study of the polynomial and the concept of functions. Topics that are presented for study include exponents, radicals, factoring, rational expressions, quadratic equations, and complex numbers. The fundamentals of trigonometry are presented in the fourth quarter. Placement in this course is based upon the results of the Diocesan Algebra Exemption Exam.

3350 ALGEBRA 2/TRIGONOMETRY HONORS
9-11 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Geometry Honors or A in Geometry/A and Algebra 1/A with teacher recommendation. For freshmen, placement in this course is based upon the results of the Diocesan Algebra Exemption Exam.
This course begins with a review of the basic concepts of first/ year algebra followed by the topics of Algebra 2. These topics include: linear functions and relations, systems of equations and inequalities, matrices, quadratic functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, polynomial functions, rational and radical functions, statistics and conic sections. The study of trigonometry, which takes place in the fourth quarter includes radian measure, trigonometric functions and identities, and solving general triangles.

3280 GEOMETRY
10 YR 1.0 cr
This course is an axiomatic approach to the basic theorems of Euclidean geometry. It uses an integrated approach to the study of plane and solid geometry, including proofs. A study of the areas and volumes of the two-dimensional and three dimensional figures is included in the course. A thorough study of the right triangle is taught as a brief introduction to trigonometry. This is a complete course in geometry using hands-on work to discover the concepts of geometry.

3220 GEOMETRY/A
10 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: C in Algebra 1/A.
This course is an axiomatic approach to the basic theorems of Euclidean geometry. It uses an integrated approach to the study of plane and solid geometry, including proofs. Included in the course is a study of the areas and volumes of two-dimensional and three-dimensional figures. A thorough study of the right triangle is taught as a brief introduction to trigonometry.

3230 GEOMETRY HONORS
10 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B- in Algebra2/Trig Honors or B+ in Algebra2/Trig or A+ in Algebra 1/A and teacher recommendation.
This course is an axiomatic approach to the basic theorems of Euclidean geometry. It uses an integrated approach to the study of plane and solid geometry, including proofs. Included in the course is a study of the areas and volumes of two-dimensional and three-dimensional figures. A thorough study of the right triangle is taught as a brief introduction to trigonometry. This course is taught at a rigorous pace with significant emphasis on proofs. Course content also includes construction, loci, coordinate geometry, and transformations.

3380 ALGEBRA 2
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Satisfactory completion of Algebra 1 and Geometry. This course is required for students who have completed Algebra 1 and Geometry and do not meet the prerequisites for Algebra 2/Trig. Building upon the basic elements of first year algebra, this course develops a full range of Algebra 2 concepts. Topics include polynomials and the concept of functions, exponents, radicals, factoring, rational expressions, quadratic equations, complex numbers, conic sections, probability and an introduction to the basic elements of trigonometry.

3300 ALGEBRA 2/TRIGONOMETRY
10-11 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Geometry/A or A in Geometry and teacher recommendation.
Beginning with a review of the basics of first-year algebra, the students are led to a more detailed study of the polynomial and the concept of functions. Topics that are presented for study include exponents, radicals, factoring, rational expressions, quadratic equations, and complex numbers. The fundamentals of trigonometry are presented in the fourth quarter. 17 MATHEMATICS 3400 COLLEGE MATH TOPICS 11-12 YR 1.0 cr Prerequisites: Satisfactory completion of Geometry and Algebra 2 or Algebra 2/Trig with evidence of strong work ethic and teacher recommendation. This course is designed to introduce students to new concepts in mathematics including right triangle trigonometry, set theory, logic, number representation and probability. Students improve upon skills previously acquired in Algebra 1, Algebra II and Geometry through application to practical problems that model “real world” challenges. Students continue to develop their mathematical skills in problem solving, inductive and deductive reasoning, voting and apportionment methods, graphing, mathematical modeling, number theory, and linear programming. This is a course primarily designed for seniors who wish to apply their mathematical skills in science, business, financial management, statistics and surveys.

3410 PRE-CALCULUS
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Algebra 2/Trig or A in Algebra 2 with summer enrichment, with teacher recommendation.
This course is intended for students who wish to continue a college prep math curriculum beyond Algebra 2/Trig and subsequently take a calculus course. Topics covered are: a review of linear and quadratic functions, polynomial functions and their inverses, conic sections, exponents and logarithms and trigonometry with a concentration on radian measure, series, sequences, limits, and combinatorics.

3450 PRE-CALCULUS HONORS
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Algebra 2/Trig Honors or A in Algebra 2/Trig with teacher recommendation.
This course is designed for the student who wishes to continue a college prep curriculum and subsequently take an AP or Honors Calculus course. Topics include a review of linear and quadratic functions, polynomial functions and inverses, exponents and logarithms, trigonometry, probability, series, sequences, limits and graphing techniques using transformations, and combinatorics. This course is enriched with an introduction to derivatives. Emphasis is divided between theory and problem solving.

3510 CALCULUS HONORS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B- in Pre-Calculus or C in Pre-Calculus Honors with teacher recommendation.
This course is intended for the student who would like an introduction to calculus without the pressure of an Advanced Placement pace. The concepts are presented from the verbal, algebraic, visual and numerical points of view, as appropriate. Topics include: limits and continuity, derivatives of polynomials, trigonometric, rational, exponential and logarithmic functions as well as the chain rule and implicit differentiation. Applications of the first and second derivative consist of curve analysis, related rates, maximum and minimum problems. Fourth quarter topics include Riemann sums, the indefinite and definite integral.

3550 AP CALCULUS AB
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Pre-Calculus Honors with teacher recommendation.
This college level calculus course culminates with the Advanced Placement test in AB Calculus in May. The concepts of limits and continuity are developed into differential calculus, covering the derivative geometrically, numerically and analytically. Derivatives of trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic and inverse functions, the chain rule, and implicit differentiation are studied. Applications of derivatives include curve analysis, related rates, growth and decay, and velocities and accelerations. Second semester topics include: integral calculus; the computations of various Riemann sums and applications of integral calculus including topics such as area between curves; rotations of solids and average value. In addition to the curriculum outlined by the College Board, this course is enriched with additional calculus topics. All students must take the AP Calculus AB exam in May. A graphing calculator is required for this course and for the AP exam. A summer project reviewing pre-calculus topics is required.

3560 AP CALCULUS BC
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: C in Calculus AB, B- in Calculus Honors, or A+ in Pre-Calculus Honors, with teacher recommendation.
This college level calculus course culminates with the Advanced Placement test in Calculus BC in May The concept of differential calculus is developed, including the derivatives of polynomial, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions, and their inverses are studied. Rules for differentiation and applications of derivatives are studied, including the chain rule, implicit differentiation, curve analysis, related rates, growth and decay, and kinematics. Numerical methods such as Euler’s method and Newton’s method are also covered. Second semester topics include: integral calculus and applications of integral calculus including topics such as area between curves; rotations of solids and average value of a function. Numerical integration methods such as Riemann sums are also presented. Additionally, the course includes multivariable calculus, vector calculus, Taylor and Maclaurin series representations of functions, and polar curves. All students must take the AP Calculus BC exam in May. For any student enrolled in AP Physics C, it is highly recommended to enroll in AP Calculus BC concurrently. A graphing calculator is required for this course and for the AP exam. A summer project reviewing pre-calculus topics is required.

3570 MULTIVARIATE CALCULUS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr.
Prerequisites: B in Calculus BC or A in Calculus AB, with teacher recommendation. Students from Calculus AB must score 4 or 5 in the AP Calculus AB exam.
This honors level study of multivariable calculus includes a review of Calculus BC topics not studied in Calculus AB; Taylor and Maclaurin series, polar curves and vector/ parametric calculus. The course also includes elementary three-dimensional geometry, vector-valued functions, partial differentiation, multiple integration, and computations using Green’s and Stokes’ theorems. Students are introduced to the appropriate use of computer algebra software to create three-dimensional graphs and to perform difficult numerical integration. A TI-83, TI-84 or any of the college board approved TI-Nspire graphing calculators is required.

3600 STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Algebra 2/Trig or C in Pre-Calculus with teacher recommendation.
An introduction to probability and statistics at a pre-calculus level, this course provides an opportunity to explore and understand the statistics encountered daily in life. Emphasis is on basic concepts including organizing and displaying data, averages and variation, probability theory, binomial probability distribution, normal and sampling distribution, estimation and hypothesis testing. Statistics involves applied mathematics with meaningful problems preparing the student for all fields of college study. This course is available for dual credit through Marymount University.

3650 AP STATISTICS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B- in Pre-Calculus or C+ in Pre-Calculus Honors, with teacher recommendation.
This college level, pre-calculus-based statistics course introduces students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing, and drawing conclusions from data. The course culminates with the Advanced Placement Test in Statistics in May. The students interpret univariate data, explore bivariate data, and learn probability theory, the normal curve, confidence intervals, and tests of significance, adhering to the curriculum outlined by the College Board.

Science

4200 BIOLOGY 1
9-10 YR 1.0 cr
Freshmen are invited by the science department based on their High School Placement Exam, eighth grade math and science grades, and/or Diocesan Algebra Exemption Exam scores.
Prerequisite for rising sophomores: Completion of Algebra 1.

Biology 1 is a lab-based introductory college preparatory course that emphasizes the following major areas of study: (1) An introduction to the basic structure, function, and chemistry of living organisms; (2) Continuity of life through genetics and history of life through an understanding of evolution; (3) Diversity of life from bacteria to green plants and from protozoa to humans; (4) The interdependency of organisms and their environment; (5) Overview of human processes and interrelation of other species and the environment. Labs and computer-based activities are an integral part of this course.

4210 BIOLOGY 1 HONORS
9-10 YR 1.0 cr
Freshmen are invited by the science department based on their High School Placement Exam and Diocesan Algebra Exemption Exam scores.
Prerequisite for rising sophomores: Grade of A or higher in Algebra 1/A or enrollment in math/or English Honors classes. Consent of the Biology 1 Honors instructor required. Biology 1 Honors is a course intended for students who exhibit an above average interest and ability in science and a sufficient level of academic maturity.
This is an introductory course which utilizes the molecular approach to the study of biology. A current, comprehensive background of biology is presented so that the student may make intelligent decisions concerning topics such as growth and development, evolution, genetic engineering, cellular energy, and DNA. The course relies heavily on daily readings and study and includes laboratory experiences with emphasis on experimental design, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills

4000 INTEGRATED BIOLOGY AND ENGLISH (IBE)
9 YR 2.0 cr
Prerequisites: Students must meet qualifications for Biology I Honors and exhibit strong reading comprehension skills.
IBE is an interdisciplinary course that integrates Biology 1 Honors (4210) and English I (1100) with an authentic community-based field research program. This integrated course, which maintains the full content of both the Honors Biology (4210) and English 1 (1100) curricula, is designed to capitalize on the natural connections between these science and language arts courses through an ongoing interdisciplinary research project focused on local environmental issues. Informational writing and technology are used to enhance students’ conceptual understanding and real-world problem solving skills. This course is designed for students with above average academic maturity and ability, a strong interest in both science and effective communication, and a commitment to a collaborative work ethic. This Honors Biology/English 9 integration links the two courses through an on-going research project, at the same time preserving the distinctive components of each discipline. Students earn 1.0 credit in Biology 1 Honors (4210) and 1.0 credit in English 1 (1100).

The Biology 1 Honors (4210) component of this course emphasizes the molecular approach to the study of biology including chemistry for biology students, cell biology, bioenergetics, heredity, molecular genetics, evolutionary biology, diversity of organisms, and ecology as major units of study. A current, comprehensive background of biology is presented. The course relies heavily on daily readings and study and includes laboratory experiences with emphasis on experimental design, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills.

The English 1 (1100) component of this course includes instruction in both language skills and literature. The literature program introduces students to the various literary genres, providing study in the epic, short story, novel, poetry, and drama. The course emphasizes critical reading and critical thinking skills, supplementing the college prep English 1 experience with opportunities for technical writing and research. Vocabulary study is stressed and is taken from the reading, as well as supplementary sources.

4300 CHEMISTRY
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: C in Biology, and B in Algebra 1/A, A- in Algebra 1, or successful completion of Algebra2/Trig.
This is an introductory chemistry course designed for a well-rounded liberal arts education. The composition and behavior of matter and energy are the focus of this general chemistry course. Students are expected to develop problem-solving skills which are both mathematical and conceptual. Laboratory experiences are designed to enhance and reinforce classroom instruction.

4350 CHEMISTRY HONORS
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Biology Honors or A in Biology; B in Algebra 2/Trig Honors or B+ in Algebra 2/Trig, and recommendation of current science teacher.
Co-requisite: Algebra2/Trig with department approval.
This course is a college preparatory introduction to the study of matter which emphasizes conceptual understanding as well as in-depth mathematical problem-solving. The course curriculum includes: states of matter, kinetics, equilibrium, atomic theory, acids and bases, and other selected topics. Additional time is scheduled for laboratory experiences to support classroom instruction, to practice inductive reasoning skills, to develop concepts of experimental design; and to emphasize data collection and report writing skills. Students are expected to develop and apply analytical thinking and communication skills to theoretical and applied aspects of chemistry. A graphing calculator is required. 4400 PHYSICS 11-12 YR 1.0 cr Prerequisites: B- in Chemistry and B- in Algebra 2/Trig courses (or A- in Algebra 2 with concurrent enrollment in College Math Topics) and the recommendation of current science teacher. (Transfer students must have Trigonometry in their background.) This course presents the physics concepts that form a foundation for the studies of science, technology, and engineering and focuses on discovering relationships between facts and the patterns that exist in nature. Demonstrations, laboratory exercises, and problem solving using mathematical and graphical techniques are incorporated into these concepts. There is an emphasis on thinking and reasoning to solve problems and apply what has been learned. Topics include kinematics, dynamics, work, energy, heat, and electricity.

4430 PHYSICS HONORS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B- in Chemistry Honors and in Algebra 2/ Trig Honors, or B+ in Chemistry and Algebra 2/Trig, and the recommendation of current science teacher.
Physics Honors provides a rigorous analysis of the main principles of classical and modern physics and emphasizes the development of critical thinking and problem-solving strategies. Mathematical reasoning, laboratory experiences, some computer-based, and calculator graphing and programming are utilized in the development of the principles involved and the ability to apply these principles in the solution of problems. Topics include kinematics, dynamics, work, energy, waves, light and optics, mechanics, and electricity. A programmable graphing calculator is required.

4460 AP PHYSICS 1
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Chemistry Honors and in Algebra 2/ Trig Honors, or A- in Chemistry and Algebra 2/Trig, and the recommendation of current science teacher.
AP Physics 1 is an algebra-based, introductory college-level physics course that explores topics such as Newtonian mechanics (including rotational motion), work, energy, and power; mechanical waves and sound; and introductory, simple circuits. Through inquiry-based learning, students develop scientific critical thinking and reasoning skills. Students are required to take the AP College Board Physics 1 exam in May. Graphing calculators are required. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

4470 AP PHYSICS 2
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: C in AP Physics 1 or B in Physics Honors and the recommendation of current science teacher.
Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Pre-Calculus Honors (3450) or Calculus (3510, 3550, 3580).

AP Physics 2 is an algebra-based, introductory college-level physics course that explores topics such as fluid statics and dynamics, thermodynamics with kinetic theory; pressure/volume diagrams and probability; electrostatics; electrical circuits with capacitors; magnetic fields; electromagnetism; physical and geometric optics; and quantum, atomic, and nuclear physics. Through inquiry-based learning, students develop scientific critical thinking and reasoning skills. Students are required to take the AP College Board Physics 2 exam in May. Graphing calculators are required. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

4490 AP PHYSICS C
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B+ in AP Physics 1 or Physics Honors (4430) and the recommendation of current science teacher.
Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Enrollment in Calculus.

Advanced Placement Physics C is designed as a follow-up to an introductory physics course. The curriculum is equivalent to a first year college-level physics course for those students majoring in science and engineering. Emphasis is placed on advanced techniques of problem-solving, including the use of calculus. Topics addressed in this course include mechanics, electricity, and magnetism with strong emphasis on electricity and magnetism. Students are required to take the AP College Board Physics C exams in May.

4250 AP BIOLOGY
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Biology Honors and B in Chemistry Honors or A- in Biology and B+ in Chemistry and the recommendation of the current AP Biology instructor.
Rising sophomores may be invited by the science department to schedule AP Biology with Chemistry Honors based on commitment to a strong work ethic, consistently high grades (A- in Biology Honors, B+ in Algebra 2/ Trig Honors, or A- in Algebra 2/Trig), and advanced lab skills.

The AP Biology curriculum encompasses “four big ideas”: evolution, cellular processes, genetics, and interactions with essential knowledge and process skills that support each one. AP Biology is a rigorous and demanding course which is equivalent to a full-year introductory college biology course. Content is covered in depth with strong emphasis on scientific process and analytical thinking. In addition, statistical analysis of data and modeling of concepts is expected. Labs, analytical discussion of results, and inquiry during class sessions require significant amounts of study and preparation beyond class time. Students are required to take the AP College Board Biology exam in May. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

4370 AP CHEMISTRY
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Chemistry Honors and Algebra 2/Trig Honors and recommendation of current science teacher. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: AP Physics or Honors Physics
The AP Chemistry course is designed to be the equivalent of the general chemistry course usually taken during the first college year. For some students, this course enables them to undertake, in their first year, second-year work in the chemistry sequence at their institution or to register in courses in other fields where general chemistry is a prerequisite. For other students, the AP Chemistry course fulfills the laboratory science requirement and frees time for other courses. There is a strong emphasis on independent reading and study as well as on laboratory skills. The course provides students with the conceptual framework, factual knowledge, and analytical skills necessary to deal with the rapidly evolving science of chemistry. Students are required to take the AP College Board Chemistry exam in May. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

4290 AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Grade of B+ in Biology and Chemistry. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Physics, Physics Honors, or AP Physics 1, and the recommendation of current science teacher.
This college level interdisciplinary course integrates scientific principles of chemistry, biology, and earth science to understand interrelationships of the natural world. The class explores topics such as ecology, populations, resource use, pollution, and biodiversity. Environmental problems, both natural and man-made, are identified and analyzed in classroom lectures, labs, field work, and independent projects. This course prepares students for the required AP Environmental Science exam in May.

4270 ECOLOGY
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Satisfactory completion of Biology and Chemistry.
Ecology is the study of organisms and their interactions with other organisms and their physical surroundings. Students study how populations of organisms are effected by competing organisms, symbiotic relationships, predator/ prey interactions, evolutionary changes, and interactions with humans. Unique characteristics of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems are examined including plant and animal species, ecosystem services, and primary productivity. As humans have a massive impact on the Earth’s ecosystems, students learn how anthropogenic changes have affected ecosystems and what conservation efforts are being undertaken to preserve the Earth’s biodiversity. During fourth quarter, students focus in greater detail on local ecosystems by studying the characteristics of Eastern forests and learning to identify local tree and animal species.

4500 ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Satisfactory completion of Biology and Chemistry.
Anatomy and physiology is the study of the structure and function of the body. The course begins with a review of basic cell concepts, including cell structure, cell reproduction, and protein synthesis. The class then examines major tissue types before discussing each of the organ systems in detail. Health issues such as immunity, common genetic disorders, and cancer are also investigated. Projects and laboratory activities enhance the learning experience.

4530 ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY HONORS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Chemistry, B in Biology Honors or A in Biology 1, and the recommendation of current science teacher. This course is designed for students who have demonstrated an above average proficiency in previous science courses. Anatomy and physiology is the study of the structure and function of the body. The course begins with a review of basic cell concepts, including cell structure, cell reproduction, and protein synthesis. The class then examines major tissue types before discussing each of the organ systems in detail. Health issues such as immunity, common genetic disorders, and cancer are also investigated. This course requires a significant amount of additional reading and the completion of several in-depth projects and laboratory activities.

4600 FORENSIC SCIENCE
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Biology 1 Honors or A in Biology 1; B in Chemistry and approval of department chairperson.
Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Physics, Physics Honors, or AP Physics 1.

Forensic Science is a multidisciplinary laboratory program that incorporates concepts in many areas of science including chemistry, zoology, anatomy, genetics, physics, medicine, math and statistics, sociology, ethics, law, psychology, and communications. Students study a wide range of forensic disciplines with an emphasis on the practical application of scientific principles in the laboratory. Students are trained to evaluate physical evidence and findings by applying the scientific method. Students must then be prepared to defend conclusions based on their own empirical evidence.

4620 INTRO TO ENGINEERING DESIGN
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Successful completion of Algebra 1 or permission of the instructor.
Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Biology 1 or Biology 1 Honors. Consent of engineering instructor.
Introduction to Engineering Design is a course that focuses on the process of engineering design and its application. Through hands-on projects, students apply STEM concepts, understand important standards in the various fields of engineering, and document their work in solving engineering-based problems. Students use industry standard 3-D modeling software to design solutions as well as an engineer notebook for the recording of all data. Students conclude projects by presenting their work to peers and faculty members. Ninth graders may enroll in this course as a second science with department permission. This course fulfills the computer requirement of graduation.

4665 PRINCIPLES OF ENGINEERING
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: C in Algebra 2/Trig.
Prerequisite or co-requisite: Physics or permission of engineering instructor.

This course emphasizes the underlying principles of engineering and technology. Students apply STEM concepts to real-world problems to develop critical thinking and problem solving skills in four engineering disciplines: civil, mechanical, electrical, and aerospace engineering. Students improve their use of mathematical analysis, computer simulations, and scientific method. Engineers often work as part of a team to plan, design, and supervise the development of a project from conception through completion. This course emphasizes project work and team-based assignments. It is intended for students with strong STEM skills who have an interest in engineering as a career. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

4675 CIVIL ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Completion of Algebra 2/Trig; Introduction to Engineering Design or Principles of Engineering. (Art students with permission from the engineering instructor.)
Students learn about various aspects of civil engineering and architecture and apply their knowledge to the design and development of residential and commercial properties and structures. In addition, students use 3D design software to design and document solutions for major course projects. Students communicate and present project results to their peers and members of a professional community of engineers and architects. This course emphasizes project work and team-based assignments. It is intended for students with strong STEM skills who have an interest in engineering or architecture as a career. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

4700 INDEPENDENT RESEARCH
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: Requires consent of the science department chairperson and Independent Research Coordinator.
This course is designed to give students the opportunity to perform in-depth scientific research on a particular topic. Emphasis is placed on experimental design, laboratory skills, library research, and computer technology. Appropriate forms of statistical analysis are taught and utilized for research purposes. Students are required to produce a project/paper for submission to regional science fairs, the Virginia Junior Academy of Science, and competitions such as Intel and Toshiba. Networking with area universities and scientific agencies is encouraged. This elective course does not fulfill the science requirements for graduation.

Social Studies

5100 WORLD HISTORY
9 YR 1.0 cr
World History is a survey course covering the major political, economic, social, religious, and cultural developments of the peoples of the world. The course is presented chronologically, beginning with prehistoric times and continuing into modern times. Emphasis is placed on the development of Western civilization, but students are also introduced to the major achievements of non-Western civilizations and cultures woven into the continuing development of humanity. Social studies skills such as analysis, interpretation, and evaluation are explored and practiced by the students.

5150 WORLD HISTORY HONORS
9 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: HSPT verbal and language scores in the 90th percentile or higher, or department approval based on Social Studies grades.
This course provides students with a challenging and stimulating view of world history. Beginning with human origins and the earliest civilizations, the course develops an in-depth knowledge of the human presence in the world along the path of history through the present. Emphasis is placed on the development of Western civilization, but students are also introduced to the major achievements of non-Western civilizations and cultures woven into the continuing development of humanity. Instructional format is multifaceted with the use of lectures, questioning and exchange, independent research using the Internet, and frequent written assignments (projects and papers) based on the student’s research.

5175 WORLD GEOGRAPHY
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Completion of World History or World History Honors.
This course focuses on the world’s peoples, places, and environments. The knowledge, skills, and perspectives of the course are centered on the world’s peoples and their cultural characteristics, landforms and climates, economic development, and migration and settlement patterns. Spatial concepts of geography are used as a framework for studying interactions between humans and their environments. Using geographic resources and current events, students employ inquiry, research, and technology skills to ask and answer geographic questions. Particular emphasis is placed on students’ understanding and applying geographic concepts and skills to their daily lives.

5255 MODERN EUROPEAN HISTORY HONORS
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B+ in World History or B in World History Honors; B in current English class; recommendation of World History teacher.
This course studies European history from the origins of the Renaissance to the fall of Eastern European communism, the reunification of Germany, and the movement to create a united Europe. Emphasis is placed on analysis of primary source materials, development of analytical reading skills, coherent essay writing, and independent thought and study skills. Students engage ideas and themes in a variety of ways including project-based learning and guided research.

5250 AP MODERN EUROPEAN HISTORY
10 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: A- in World History or B+ in World History Honors; B+ in current English class (B if Honors); World History teacher recommendation.
Students are required to submit a writing sample. The course studies the history of Europe from the origins of the Renaissance to the fall of Eastern European communism, the reunification of Germany, and the movement to the creation of a united Europe. Emphasis is placed on analysis of primary source materials, development of analytical reading skills, coherent essay writing, and independent thought and study skills. All students enrolled in this course are required to take the AP European History exam in May. The completion of a summer project is required by the beginning of school.

5965 FUNDAMENTALS OF ECONOMICS
10-12 SEM .5 cr
This multi-faceted economics course emphasizes real-world applications. Lessons are designed and developed for the purpose of giving students an opportunity to examine principles of economics and business. Students are instructed in the basic tenets of the American free enterprise system and explore its place in the larger global market. Work on computer simulations relating to both micro and macroeconomics is an integral part of the course work.

5280 AFRICAN-AMERICAN HISTORY
10-12 SEM .5 cr
This is a survey course of African American history. Topics include accomplishments of African civilizations before first contact with Europeans, the trans-Atlantic slave trade (including its impact on the world economy), slavery, African Americans in the Civil War, the abolition of slavery, Reconstruction, Jim Crow and segregation, the Great Migration, the Harlem Renaissance, the civil rights revolution, and contemporary issues in the African American community, including the achievement gap, the wage gap, housing discrimination, and overrepresentation/injustices in the criminal justice system. Students also discuss and elaborate on the cultural, religious, and economic contributions that African Americans have made in the modern world.

5180 THE DEVELOPING WORLD
10-12 SEM .5 cr
This course focuses on the study of the “developing world,” a broad, fluid term meant to encompass a wide range of countries that are emerging into the modern, industrial present as a byproduct of globalization. These countries are widely varying in geographic location, size, economy, religion and politics; but they share common features. Most face conditions such as extreme poverty, high rates of population growth, gender inequality, political instability and economic dependence on the industrial countries of the northern hemisphere. Importantly, most of the world is developing. Two-thirds of the world’s countries and nearly 80% of its population live in the developing world. Students benefit from knowledge of a world that is becoming increasingly interdependent.

5287 U.S. CIVIL RIGHTS AND CIVIL LIBERTIES
10-12 SEM .5 cr
This course examines civil rights and liberties in the United States, especially relating to Asian Americans, African Americans, Hispanics, women, the disabled, and various religious groups. Topics include but are not limited to Constitutional freedoms (i.e. speech, press, religion, assembly, petition), the rights of the accused, and the rights of the disabled. Leaders in the field of civil rights and civil liberties also be studied. Students develop a deeper interest in and understanding of these civil rights and liberties by using the text, online sources, class discussions and essays. Student participation and group discussion play important roles in the class.

5300 U.S. AND VIRGINIA HISTORY
11 YR 1.0 cr
United States and Virginia History is a survey course in American history with special emphasis on the history of Virginia. The course traces the development of the political, economic, religious, and social life of the people of the United States from the 15th century to the contemporary period. U.S. relations with foreign countries are explored. The positive influence of Judeo-Christian values in American life is emphasized. Geography is stressed as a factor in the complete understanding of the social development of the country.

5320 U.S. AND VIRGINIA HISTORY HONORS
11 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in AP Modern European History, B in Honors History, A in College Prep; B in English; Social Studies teacher recommendation. Students are required to submit a writing sample.
This course involves a study of the formative movements in the development of American civilization within a chronological framework. The course traces the development of the political, economic, religious, and social life of the people of the United States from the 15th century to the contemporary period, with special emphasis on the history of Virginia. Students can expect to use primary and secondary sources to analyze major themes. In addition, as an honors course, students focus on writing and research within the curriculum. Students also use current events, both foreign and domestic, as opportunities to independently research and formulate ideas.

5350 AP U.S. HISTORY
11 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in AP History, A- in Honors History, or A+ in History; B+ in current English class; Social Studies teacher recommendation. Students are required to submit a writing sample.
This course involves a study of the formative movements in the development of American civilization within a chronological framework. Emphasis is placed on historiography, analysis of primary source materials, development of discriminatory reading powers, coherent essay writing, and independent study skills. All students enrolled in this course are required to take the AP U.S. History exam in May. The completion of a summer project is required by the beginning of school.

5580 PSYCHOLOGY
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: B in current Social Studies class. This course covers core concepts in psychology, emphasizing the use of the scientific method in social science research and the physiological bases of behavior.
Topics covered in the first semester include the brain, sensation and perception, states of consciousness (sleep/dreams/hypnosis/daydreams), memory and learning. During the second semester the course covers human development, personality disorders, therapy and social psychology. Students should expect a rigorous curriculum based on systematic and scientific studies of challenging course material.

5590 AP PSYCHOLOGY
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in current English class as well as B in AP Modern European History or AP American History, B+ in U.S. History Honors or Honors Modern European History, or A in current Social Studies course; recommendation of current social studies teacher.
The AP Psychology course is designed to introduce students to the systematic and scientific study of the behavior and mental process of human beings and other species. Students are exposed to the psychological facts, principles, and phenomena associated with each of the major subfields within psychology. Additionally, students study and implement the ethics and methods psychologists use in their science and practice. At the completion of the course, students are required to take the AP Psychology exam.

6049 AP ART HISTORY
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B+ in English and permission of instructor.
What is art? This college level course explores the history of the art of the world from the prehistoric era to the present. The class addresses stylistic development and cultural values, as well as the historical context that influence artistic production and practice. The class uses an interdisciplinary approach to discuss style, content, meaning, patronage, faith, interpretation, context, and significance of works of art, preparing students for the AP Art History exam in May which all students enrolled in the class are required to take. The course includes one research paper over the course of the year. This course also satisfies the fine arts credit.

6860 HUMANITIES HONORS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: B+ in English.
This honors course presents artistic patterns of relationship from ancient Greece to the present among philosophy, literature, architecture, sculpture, painting and music–all in light of the major historical events of each period. Content focuses on the interrelationships between arts and ideas in the framework of their proper historical and cultural settings. Field trips to local art centers and theatrical productions are scheduled for first hand experiences. Lessons include presentations by experts in art, music, philosophy, and literature drawn from O’Connell faculty and the community. Sample topics include: Greek drama and architecture; Roman poetry, painting and architecture; Medieval music, painting and architecture; Renaissance poetry, drama, painting and music as well as samples of the artistic productions of the Neo-classic, Romantic and Modern Periods. This class also satisfies the fine arts credit.

5510 AP ECONOMICS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B+ in current Social Studies class, B in Mathematics and English.
This is a full-year freshman college level course concentrating on an analytical rather than a descriptive approach to the principles of economics. The major aspects of macroeconomics are: economic models, inflation, unemployment, GDP accounting, aggregate demand/supply analysis, the banking system, monetary and fiscal policy and competing theories of income stabilization. The study of microeconomics includes: demand and supply, markets, price theory, elasticity, costs of the business firm, models of pure competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition and oligopoly, international trade and selected topics as time allows. Students are required to take both AP Economics exams administered by the College Board in May.

5190 AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
11-12 SEM .5 cr
Prerequisites: B in AP U.S. History or AP Modern European History, A- in U.S. History Honors, or A+ in U.S. History; B+ in current English course, Social Studies teacher recommendation. A writing sample is also required.
The purpose of the AP Human Geography course is to introduce students to the systematic study of patterns and processes that have shaped human understanding, use, and alteration of Earth’s surface. Students learn to employ spatial concepts and landscape analysis to examine human socioeconomic organization and its environmental consequences. They also learn about the methods and tools geographers use in their research and applications. The course material and readings are comparable to college freshman level survey courses in geography. Students are required to take the Human Geography AP exam administered by the College Board in May.

5470 AP COMPARATIVE GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
11-12 SEM .5 cr
Prerequisites: B in AP U.S. History or AP Modern European History, A- in U.S. History Honors, or A+ in U.S. History; B+ in current English course; Social Studies teacher recommendation; a writing sample is also required.
This course introduces students to fundamental concepts used by political scientists to study the processes and outcomes of politics in a variety of country settings. The course aims to illustrate the rich diversity of political life, to show available institutional alternatives, to explain differences in processes and policy outcomes, and to communicate to students the importance of global cultural and economic changes. The course covers six specific countries: China, Great Britain, Iran, Mexico, Nigeria, and Russia. This study of culture and politics is intellectually challenging and readings are at the college level. Students are required to take the Comparative Government AP exam administered by the College Board in May.

5760 ISSUES FOR THE 21ST CENTURY
11-12 SEM .5 cr
This course is an introduction to significant events in the 21st century. Students investigate cause, effect, and change in places across the world. One principal aim of the course is for students to develop a better understanding of the response of traditional societies to the impact of modernization on their values and customs. Another is to examine ideological conflicts of the modern world. Students also research contemporary problems that originated in the 21st century that demand creative and thoughtful solutions. Analytical skills, synthesis of conflicting viewpoints, conducting research, participating in deliberations and writing historical essays are all emphasized in this course.

5515 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
11-12 SEM .5 cr
Prerequisites: B in World History or World History Honors.
In society today decisions in one part of the world impact others thousands of miles away. This course introduce students to the interrelationships between the business and economic practices of countries. Topics include globalization, ethics, investment, marketing, and trade issues. Students consider the decisions made by companies when expanding their operations globally and how they must adapt to local business customs and practices. Current events from around the world and the use of computer applications be an integral part of this course. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

5620 CRIMINAL JUSTICE
11-12 SEM .5 cr
This course is designed to provide junior and senior students with basic knowledge of the United States criminal justice system. It is a broad course touching on a variety of subjects within the field. Topics include, but are not limited to, corrections, the ethics of law enforcement, search & seizure, police operations, criminal procedure, theories of criminal behavior, criminal investigations and court proceedings. Students enjoy guest speakers and take field trips to relevant local sites.

Government Senior Seminars

As an extension of our mission to deliver opportunities for students to engage in citizenship and advocacy, to expand civic knowledge, and to discuss real global issues, seniors are required to complete a seminar that both acquaints them with the functions of the U.S. government as well as provides them an outlet to apply that knowledge. In the first semester, students study a range of general concepts used to interpret politics, while gaining a familiarity with the various institutions, groups, beliefs, and ideas that constitute the U.S. government. In the second semester, students be given the opportunity to apply that knowledge in a variety of ways while allowing for a deeper understanding and participation in civics, advocacy, foreign relations, economics, and social justice. Students must pick from the following list:

5405 U.S. GOVERNMENT WITH FOREIGN AFFAIRS
12 YR 1.0 cr
This course examines the function of government and the political, social and economic aspects of federal, state and local government in the United States. This course satisfies the government requirements while giving students a deeper knowledge and understanding of the role of the United States in global affairs. Students use their knowledge of the executive branch and the U.S. State Department to explore current events, focusing on global crises and the American social, political and military response. Topics include current events, recent conflicts, domestic perspectives, and diplomatic relations. The second semester includes guest speakers, field trips, and lively discussion-based seminars. Students can expect to engage in both ongoing relevant issues as well as those from the recent past.

5415 U. S. GOVERNMENT WITH ADVOCACY AND PUBLIC POLICY
12 YR 1.0 cr
This course examines the function of government and the political, social and economic aspects of federal, state and local government in the United States. This course satisfies the government requirements while giving students a deeper knowledge and understanding of effective advocacy and democratic participation. Students explore each level of government while focusing on gaining access to the policy process with the goal of affecting change. Participants gain basic skills in grassroots mobilization, lobbying and negotiation. This is a student-driven, project-based course in which members hear from expert guest lecturers, visit local government entities, engage in real political interaction, and advocate for relevant, social issues appropriate to the school’s mission.

5425 U.S. GOVERNMENT WITH SOCIAL JUSTICE
12 YR 1.0 cr
This course examines the function of government and the political, social and economic aspects of federal, state and local government in the United States. This course satisfies the government requirements while introducing students to enduring domestic issues relevant to basic civil rights and liberties. Students use their knowledge of the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights to explore ongoing American current events that require ideological examination and demand creative and thoughtful solutions. Topics are fluid and determined by significant contemporary concerns; however, students can expect some issues, which remain constant and germane to the school’s mission to serve as the core curriculum. In the second semester, students can expect to present on current topics, to visit relevant sites and to participate in guest lectures.

5430 U. S. GOVERNMENT HONORS WITH ADVOCACY AND PUBLIC POLICY
12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B- in AP U.S. History or U.S. History Honors, or A in U.S. History; B in current English course; Social Studies teacher recommendation.
This course examines the function of government and the political, social and economic aspects of federal, state and local government in the United States. This course satisfies the government requirements while giving students a deeper knowledge and understanding of effective advocacy and democratic participation. Students explore each level of government while focusing on gaining access to the policy process with the goal of affecting change. Participants gain basic skills in grassroots mobilization, lobbying and negotiation. As an Honors course, students experience an accelerated pace of instruction, extended scope of topic, and an increased depth of learning. This is a student-driven, project-based course in which members hear from expert guest lecturers, visit local government entities, engage in real political interaction, and advocate for relevant, social issues appropriate to the school’s mission.

5440 U.S. GOVERNMENT HONORS WITH FOREIGN AFFAIRS
12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B- in AP U.S. History or U.S. History Honors, or A in U.S. History; B in current English course; Social Studies teacher recommendation.
This course examines the function of government and the political, social and economic aspects of federal, state and local government in the United States. This course satisfies the government requirements while giving students a deeper knowledge and understanding of the United States role in global affairs. Students use their knowledge of the executive branch and the U.S. State Department to explore current events, focusing on global crises and the American social, political and military response. Topics include current events, recent conflicts, domestic perspectives, and diplomatic relations. The second semester includes guest speakers, field trips, and lively discussion-based seminars. As an Honors course, students experience an accelerated pace of instruction, extended scope of topic, and an increased depth of learning. Students can expect to engage in both ongoing relevant issues as well as those from the recent past.

5465 AP U.S. GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in AP U.S. History, A- in U.S. History Honors or A+ in U.S. History; B+ in current English class; Social Studies teacher recommendation. A writing sample is also required. This course examines the function of government and the political, social and economic aspects of federal, state and local government in the United States. As an AP course, special attention be paid to college-level concepts and writing. Course readings—text, original documents, government reports, and court cases—are at the college freshman level, and students can expect the material to be challenging. As this course follows the AP curriculum it be a year-long study but contain individual break-out units on current political events, relevant foreign relations concerns, and advocacy. Students are required to take the AP U.S. Government Exam administered by College Board at the end of the school year. The completion of a summer project is required by the beginning of school.

Technology and Business

Business Courses

7250 ACCOUNTING 1 HONORS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Algebra2/Trig and permission of instructor.
This course is designed to provide students with an understanding of the basic accounting systems in a sole proprietorship and a partnership. It explores the financial records of a service business and a merchandising business. The course introduces terminology that enables students to have a better understanding of the economic and financial activities of the business world for both employment and personal use. This course also teaches basic payroll procedures and the accounting cycle for a corporation. The course provides students the opportunity to work on case studies that enhance student interest. This course provides a practical background for future study in accounting and business management. Students are afforded a real life business situation through an assignment of an accounting practice set for a merchandising business. Students complete a simulation and complete more detailed work on the computer. This is an excellent course for students who are planning to pursue a business major in college.

7310 ECONOMICS AND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
This elective is a multi-faceted economics and financial management course with emphasis on real-world applications. Students explore exciting and interesting areas that help them to gain the necessary skills to ensure their future financial security. Students are instructed in the basic tenets of the American free enterprise system and basic economic theory. Using knowledge learned about economics, students discover how to make informed financial decisions related to budgeting, banking, managing credit, managing risk, paying taxes, saving, investing, and living independently. Work on computer simulations that relate to both micro and macroeconomics, participating in a virtual stock market game, and preparing a personal budget are integral parts of the course work. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

5515 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
11-12 SEM .5 cr
Prerequisites: B in World History or World History Honors. In society today, decisions in one part of the world affect others thousands of miles away.
This course introduce students to the interrelationships between the business and economic practices of countries. Topics include globalization, ethics, investment, marketing, and trade issues. Students consider the decisions made by companies when expanding their operations globally and how they must adapt to local business customs and practices. Current events from around the world and the use of computer applications be an integral part of this course. This course serves as a social studies elective and fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

7320 PERSONAL MONEY MANAGEMENT AND YOUR FUTURE
11-12 SEM .5 cr
There are many skills students need to succeed after graduation that deal with how to handle their personal finances. In this course, students learn how to navigate the financial decisions they face to make informed decisions related to careers, budgeting, banking, credit, insurance, spending, taxes, saving, investing, living independently, and inheritance. Students explore topics of high interest that can help them gain the skills needed to ensure future security. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

7370 SPORTS & ENTERTAINMENT MARKETING
11-12 SEM .5 cr
This class is designed to introduce students to various aspects of sports and entertainment marketing. Each marketing function is incorporated throughout the course. Through the use of the textbook, the Internet, and class activities/projects, students explore the history of the sports and entertainment industries; similarities and differences between the two; product, promotion, pricing, branding, imaging, and licensing within these industries; and identifying career opportunities. This course is only offered in first semester.

5510 AP ECONOMICS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Mathematics and English.
This is a full-year freshman college level course concentrating on an analytical rather than a descriptive approach to the principles of economics. The major aspects of macroeconomics are: economic models, inflation, unemployment, GDP accounting, aggregate demand/supply analysis, the banking system, monetary and fiscal policy and competing theories of income stabilization. The study of microeconomics includes: demand and supply, markets, price theory, elasticity, costs of the business firm, models of pure competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition and oligopoly, international trade and selected topics as time allows. Students are required to take the AP Economics exams in May. This course serves as a social studies elective.

5965 FUNDAMENTALS OF ECONOMICS
10-12 SEM .5 cr
This multi-faceted economics course emphasizes real-world applications. Lessons are designed and developed for the purpose of giving students an opportunity to examine principles of economics and business. Students are instructed in the basic tenets of the American free enterprise system and explore its place in the larger global market. Work on computer simulations relating to both micro and macroeconomics is an integral part of the course work. This course serves as a social studies elective.

Computer Courses

7530 DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY: GATEWAY TO TOMORROW
9-12 SEM .5 cr
In this hands-on course, students learn to integrate computing concepts that are now essential skills for whatever career path is chosen. Students apply logic procedures and implement programming procedures, designing and developing programs and Apps, and learning about the latest technology developments. Some topics that be explored include digital safety and security, Internet of Things, 3D printing, and office productivity. Various software be used including Scratch, HTML5, AppInventor, and JavaScript. This course is an excellent introductory course for students considering studying computer science, engineering, or business. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

7110 PERSONAL BRANDING AND DIGITAL COMMUNICATION
9-11 SEM .5 cr
Drawing from the school’s strong emphasis on Catholic identity, students are lead to recognize ethical and moral situations involved with the use of digital communication platforms, enabling them to express a digital footprint with the proper use of social media and develop a positive and professional personal identity. This project based course provides students with opportunities to create and utilize a digital portfolio, to develop a skill set essential for success in both college and work environments, and to appropriately communicate using digital tools. The course embeds such current tools as Twitter, Google +, podcasts and video editing so that students can learn the steps necessary in building a positive and lasting “brand.” Additionally, this course serves as a vehicle for student, to present themselves to real world audiences, such as in application for special programs or scholarships, through the ability to present their “brand” effectively. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

7640 MULTIMEDIA AND IMAGE MANAGEMENT
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
In this project-based course, students explore the creative end of business technology and prepare for a business world in which they are expected to use business-standard software applications to complete projects and solve problems. In this hands-on course, students learn how digital media is used through video, audio, images, and animation. This course allows students to complete several original pieces of digital media including image manipulations, a self-portrait, and an animation movie clip. Students become proficient in the Adobe Creative Suite. Specific Adobe software applications include Photoshop CC, Illustrator CC, Premiere CC, Audition CC, and Flash CC. The use of mobile devices and Web 2.0 tools is also integrated into the course. Throughout the course, students use an electronic portfolio to showcase their work and receive feedback from their peers. The class is predominantly a hands-on format course. This course fulfills both the computer and fine arts requirements for graduation.

7810 HTML: INTRO TO WEB PAGE/MOBILE APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT
10-12 SEM .5 cr
This course focuses on the techniques needed for planning, designing and developing effective web pages and mobile applications. Students create an online portfolio for their projects. The course introduces students to Hypertext Markup Language standard (HTML & CSS) to create web pages and/ or mobile applications. Among the topics covered are: organization, style, updating, proofreading, incorporation of graphics, and enhancements to the site or application. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

7920 CYBERSECURITY 1: INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SECURITY
10-12 SEM .5 cr
This course is designed to provide students with an introduction to the fundamentals of basic computer security issues, from the home-user/student/general public’s point-of-view. Students focus on personal security for computer systems and devices at home, at work, on mobile devices, and especially as they relate to the Internet & World Wide Web. The course capitalizes on the incorporation of additional content from the EC-Council, and in activities that link to the Information Security Community, via organizations such as ACM, IEEE, CSTA, ISSA-NOVA, and the EC-Council, and ultimately allow students to take the EC-Council’s C|SCU Certification Exam, as a first step toward future cybersecurity credential’s achievements. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

7930 CYBERSECURITY 2: INTRODUCTION TO NETWORK SECURITY
10-12 SEM .5 cr
Prerequisite: Cybersecurity 1: Introduction to Computer Security In this course, students are introduced to the fundamentals of network security, including compliance and operational security; threats and vulnerabilities; application, data, and host security; access control and identity management; and cryptography. The course covers emerging topics in network security, including psychological approaches to combating social engineering attacks, Web application attacks, penetration testing, data loss prevention, cloud computing security, and application programming development security. Students also engage in activities that link to organizations such as ACM, IEEE, CSTA, ISSA-NOVA, Cyber Patriots, Cyber Aces, and CompTIA. This course also presents an opportunity for students who choose to pursue further studies and/or training toward additional certifications, such as the CompTIA Security+ SY0-301 Certification Exam. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

7770 COMPUTER SCIENCE FUNDAMENTALS
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Co-requisite: Algebra2/Trig or higher math In this hands-on computer programming course, students learn the basics of computer programming.
Students develop working programs in a variety of languages and environments, including Alice, Java, and Python, and gain an understanding of programming fundamentals and object-oriented design. Students are also introduced to topics related to society and technology, including ethical issues and emerging trends in computer science. This course is a prerequisite for AP Computer Science. This course fulfills the computer requirement for graduation.

7790 AP COMPUTER SCIENCE
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Successful completion of Computer Science Fundamentals (7770) and permission of computer science instructor.
Utilizing the Java Programming language, students advance their study of computer science with an emphasis on developing computer programs or parts of programs to solve problems. Topics include the development and analysis of algorithms, the development and use of fundamental data structures, the design issues that make programs understandable and adaptable, and social and ethical issues in computer science. Students must have access to a network-enabled computer to complete assignments at home. Students are required to take the AP Computer Science exam in May. Students are required to take the AP Computer Science Exam administered by College Board at the end of the school year.

World Languages

German

2010 GERMAN 1
9-11 YR 1.0 cr
This course aims to develop the four skills of language learning: listening, speaking, reading and writing. This approach emphasizes the study of dialogues and structural patterns develop skill in pronunciation and listening comprehension. The culture, geography and history of the country are introduced through the use of the text and supplementary materials.

2020 GERMAN 2
10-11 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: C in German 1.
This course aims to develop further the four skills of language learning: listening, speaking, reading and writing. This approach emphasizes the study of dialogues, narratives and structural patterns and develops skill in pronunciation and listening comprehension. The cultural study of the country continues, augmented with videos and special projects. A German dictionary is required.

2030 GERMAN 3 HONORS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in German 2 and teacher approval.
This course continues the development of the four skills of language learning, with an introduction to a more intensive reading program and more complex structures in composition. The study of the culture of the German-speaking countries as well as early history and literature continues. A German dictionary is required.

French

2100 FRENCH 1
9-11 YR 1.0 cr
This course aims to develop the four skills of language learning: listening, speaking, reading and writing. This approach emphasizes the study of structural patterns, as well as pronunciation and listening comprehension through an oral proficiency approach. The culture, geography and history of the Francophone world are introduced through the use of the text and supplementary materials.

2200 FRENCH 2
9-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: C in French 1.
This course aims to develop further the four skills of language learning: listening, speaking, reading and writing. This approach emphasizes the study of narratives and structural patterns, as well as pronunciation and listening comprehension through an oral proficiency approach. The cultural study of the Francophone world continues, augmented with videos and special projects.

2290 FRENCH 3
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in French 2 and teacher approval.
This course continues the four skills of language learning, introducing a more intensive study of complex structures. A study of French history and literature is also introduced. CDs, DVDs, and computer technology are used to enhance this course.

2300 FRENCH 3 HONORS
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B+ in French 2 and teacher approval.
This course includes an intensive study of complex structures with emphasis on translation, writing and oral skills. A survey of French history and literature is conducted. Selected texts, audio and video resources, and other materials enhance this course. Class is conducted primarily in French.

2420 FRENCH 4
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in French 3 or B- in French 3 Honors, and teacher approval.
This course continues the study of grammatical structures with introduction to the literature and cultural contributions of France and Francophile countries. The goal of this course is to reinforce and refine all four skills of the target language.

2400 FRENCH 4 HONORS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in French 3 Honors or A in French 3 and teacher approval.
This course continues the program of study of French, including an in-depth survey of French history, literature, and civilization from the Renaissance to the present. The course also includes an intensive study of grammatical structures, reading comprehension, composition and oral skills. Selected texts, audio, video, DVD’s, and other materials supplement this course. Class is conducted in French. This course is available for dual credit through Marymount University.

2450 AP FRENCH 5 LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B+ in French 4 Honors and teacher recommendation.
This course emphasizes in depth the four basic skills of language learning. The class is conducted entirely in French. Students are required to speak only in the target language. All students are required to take the AP French Exam. One literary text is read, and the course is supplemented with videos, publications, and other resources.

Spanish

2500 SPANISH 1
9-11 YR 1.0 cr
This course aims to develop the four skills of language learning: listening, speaking, reading and writing. This approach emphasizes the study of dialogues, narratives and structural patterns and develops skill in pronunciation and listening comprehension. The culture, geography and history of Spain and Latin America are introduced through the use of maps, videos, technology, and other supplementary materials and assignments.

2600 SPANISH 2
9-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: C in Spanish 1.
Students attain proficiency in the four skills of language learning: listening, speaking, reading and writing. This approach emphasizes the study of dialogues, narratives and structural patterns and uses CDs and DVD’s to develop skill in pronunciation, critical thinking, and listening comprehension. The cultural study of Spain and Latin America is supplemented with maps, videos and other supplementary material and projects. Technology is integrated into course work to immerse students in authentic language and culture.

2565 SPANISH SPEAKERS 3 HONORS
9-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: Students are selected based on their oral and written skills. Placement interview is required.
The purpose of the Spanish speakers classes is to refine reading and writing skills of those with native speaking ability. An intensive overview of Spanish grammar, spelling, pronunciation and vocabulary is conducted. The course is enriched with literary and cultural reading selections and projects. Spanish is used exclusively in the classroom.

2690 SPANISH 3
9-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Spanish 2 and recommendation of Spanish 2 teacher.
This course further develops the four basic skills of the target language, with an emphasis on improving oral proficiency. Students are expected to have the ability to initiate conversation as well as to understand and respond in Spanish. An intensive study of Spanish culture and geography is supplemented with maps, videos, projects and technology.

2700 SPANISH 3 HONORS
9-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B+ in Spanish 2 and recommendation of Spanish 2 teacher.
This advanced course further develops the four basic skills of the target language, with an emphasis on oral proficiency. The curriculum includes literary readings of Spanish and Latin American authors, and introduces more advanced grammatical structures of the language. Classes are conducted primarily in Spanish.

2820 SPANISH 4
9-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Spanish 3; B- in Spanish 3 Honors; and evidence of competence in Spanish 3 grammar or recommendation from Spanish speakers teacher.
This course continues the study of grammatical structures with alternate units of introductory literature of Spain and Latin America through short stories. The goal of this course is to reinforce and refine all four skills of the target language.

2830 SPANISH 4 HONORS
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Spanish 3 Honors and recommendation of Spanish 3 Honors teacher; A in Spanish 3 and recommendation of Spanish 3 teacher, plus interview with and writing sample for the teacher of Spanish 4 Honors, or recommendation from Spanish speakers teacher.
This course reviews grammatical structures, and introduces more advanced structures of the language. In addition, it surveys Spanish literature and art. Discussion is in the target language. This course is available for dual credit through Marymount University.

2890 AP SPANISH LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Recommendation of Spanish 4 Honors or Spanish Speakers teacher and approval of AP Spanish Language and Culture teacher.
The AP Spanish Language and Culture course is a program designed to develop students’ communication skills in Spanish and to prepare students for the AP Spanish Language and Culture Exam. This course emphasizes conversation, composition and advanced grammar. It provides exposure to a variety of materials that expands students’ knowledge of Spanish in both oral and written form. The class is conducted in Spanish. All students are required to take the AP Spanish Language and Culture Exam at the conclusion of the course.

2860 SPANISH 5 HONORS
11-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: B in Spanish 4 Honors and teacher recommendation. A in Spanish 4 and teacher recommendation. Spanish 4 Honors students who qualify for AP Spanish Language and Culture are advised to take the AP course rather than Spanish 5 Honors.
This course continues to stress the four basic language learning skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. Spanish 5 Honors is conducted almost exclusively in the target language, thereby offering the student ample opportunity to practice speaking and listening skills. The student participates in discussions and conversations. The literature, art, history, geography and culture of Spanish speaking countries are studied alternately during the year. Writing abilities continue to be developed through more advanced student compositions and journal entries. Films and videos are utilized in order to expand the student’s knowledge and understanding of Spanish-speaking people and their cultures.

2850 AP SPANISH 5 LITERATURE AND CULTURE
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Recommendation of Spanish 4 Honors or AP Spanish teacher and approval of AP Spanish Literature and Culture teacher.
The AP Spanish Literature and Culture course is the equivalent of a third-year college literature course. It promotes the formal study of a representative body of literature written in Spanish, from Peninsular Spain, Latin America, and the United States. The course offers students ongoing and varied opportunities to develop proficiency in Spanish across a range of skills, with emphasis on critical reading and analytical writing. In addition, the students relate the readings to literary, historical, sociocultural, and geopolitical contexts. All students are required to take the AP Spanish Literature and Culture exam at the conclusion of the course.

Latin

2900 LATIN 1
9-12 YR 1.0 cr
In this course the language and culture of the ancient Romans are introduced through a reading based approach. Latin vocabulary and the basic components of grammar are learned. A study of English word formation and vocabulary building from Latin roots is also incorporated into each chapter.

2950 LATIN 2
9-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: C in Latin 1.
This course continues the study of Latin grammar with an emphasis on more complex grammar. The history and the culture of ancient Rome are also studied.

2980 LATIN 3 HONORS
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: B+ average in Latin 2.
This course completes the study of Latin grammar. Grammatical principles are reviewed and consolidated as students are introduced to Latin prose and poetry.

2990 LATIN 4 HONORS
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: B+ average in Latin 3 Honors.
Students continue to develop their skill at translating original Latin texts. In this literature course, students read, in Latin, a variety of prose and poetry authors. In addition to learning the vocabulary and grammar specific to the author, students analyze the work as literature and write short essays in Latin, analyzing and interpreting the literature.

2995 AP LATIN
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisite: A- average in Latin 3 Honors. Students read, analyze, and interpret portions of Vergil’s Aeneid and Julius Caesar’s Gallic Wars in Latin. This course follows the syllabus and requirements established by the College Board. Students are required to take the AP Latin Exam in May.

Peer Mentoring - Expanded Services

1010 EXPANDED SERVICES PEER MENTORING
10-12 YR 1.0 cr
Prerequisites: Counselor recommendation and interview with director of Expanded Services.
In this course, students are matched 1:1 with an Expanded Services student for the purpose of mentoring during one of the mentee’s class periods. Some mentors accompany students to general education classes such as history or physical education; others serve as mentors in classes provided in a small group setting taught by an Expanded Services teacher. Responsibilities of a Peer Mentor include: attending a training session prior to the start of the semester, attending class daily with the assigned mentee, supporting the mentee in the given class, collaborating with the related teachers as needed, and completing weekly online assignments designed to provide broader understanding and context to the student’s role as a mentor. This course option is available for GPA or non-GPA credit or can be used for Christian serviced as a non-credit course.

Unique Academic Programs

Find out more about our unique academic programs:

Dual Credit and Dual Enrollment Programs
STEM Program
Global Studies Program